Publication Ethics


JDC is committed to upholding the integrity of its content. JDC aims to ensure that best practices and ethical standards are maintained by our editors, authors and reviewers. Editors and reviewers are required to review and assess manuscripts fairly, objectively and to maintain confidentiality. Authors must ensure that research articles submitted to JDC are their own original work and are not under consideration or accepted for publication elsewhere. JDC authors, reviewers and editors are expected to fully adhere to our policy regarding publication ethics and to avoid unethical behaviours.


  • Unethical behaviour includes duplicate submission, falsification and fabrication of research data, plagiarism, authorship conflict, and conflict of interest.

  • Research misconduct applies to any action that involves mistreatment of research subjects or purposeful manipulation of the scientific record such that it no longer reflects observed truth.

  • Data fabrication means the researcher did not actually do the study, but made up data. Data falsification means the researcher did the study, but then changed some of the data.


  • Editors evaluate manuscripts solely for their intellectual content without regard to the author’s citizenship, gender, race, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, political philosophy or religious belief.

  • Acceptance or rejection of a paper by editors for publication is based on the importance, originality and clarity of the paper as well as its relevance to the aim and objectives of JDC.


  • Editors and reviewers will not use unpublished information in submitted manuscripts for their own research purposes without explicit written consent from the authors. Privileged information obtained by editors will be kept confidential and not used for their personal advantage.

  • Editors will ensure that material submitted remains confidential while under review. Submitted manuscript will not be disclosed to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, and editorial advisers.

  • Editors will recuse themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest. In the event that this kind of conflict arises, they will ask another member of the editorial board to handle the manuscript.

  • Authors must, while submitting the manuscript, disclose any information on conflicts of interest that could be considered as influencing the results or their interpretation in the manuscript.

  • Authors will receive corrections and suggestions relatively quickly depending on the availability and expertise of reviewers.


  • While the editor makes reasonable efforts to determine the academic integrity of papers published in JDC, authors are responsible for the originality of submitted manuscripts.

  • Manuscript submissions are checked with anti-plagiarism software for exact or near-exact matches in the public domain to ensure that the submitted manuscript has not been plagiarised.

  • Authors must credit the work of others including academic advisors and their own previously published work and acknowledge the findings of others on which they have built their research.


  • Unethical behaviour may be identified and brought to the attention of the editor and publisher at any time, by anyone. Whoever informs the editor or publisher of such conduct should provide sufficient information and evidence in order for an investigation to be initiated.

  • Allegations of unethical behaviour should be taken seriously and treated in the same way, until a successful decision or conclusion is reached. Every reported act of unethical publishing behaviour must be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication.

  • Editors should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper. Such measures will generally include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration of the respective complaint or claims made. It may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies, depending on the seriousness of the misconduct.